Policy Innovation in a Weak Democracy: AFTA Implementation and Trade Liberalization in the Philippines, 1986–1998

For many developing economies with colonial history, the prospect of trade liberalization almost always hits a raw nerve, given how unfair trade policy was imposed on them in the past. However, in the last few decades, a consequential phenomenon has emerged: globalization was embraced, even by developing economies. The Philippines was part of that phenomenon. After the People Power Revolution in 1986, the newly installed democratic government implemented notable trade reforms. With a still fragile economy, political instability, and strong opposition against trade liberalization, what could have prompted the Philippine government under Corazon Aquino to implement trade reforms and eventually accede to ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA), and how did the succeeding administration of Fidel Ramos sustain those reforms?

This book examines why the Philippine government came to implement trade reforms and accede to AFTA despite impediments. It presents a comprehensive framework for analyzing foreign economic policy by examining the interaction between domestic and international factors.

Nota bene:

This book is published in the Kyoto CSEAS Series on Philippine Studies, Center for Southeast Asian Studies, Kyoto University without any publication grant.

Jenny D. Balboa
Ateneo de Manila University Press
Kyoto University Press
Center for Southeast Asian Studies, Kyoto University


Published in 2022.

Jenny D. Balboa
0.5 kg
Ateneo de Manila University Press